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Symptoms include the need to urinate frequently, especially at night
Difficulty starting urination or holding back urine,
Inability to urinate,
Weak or interrupted flow of urine,
Painful or burning urination,
Difficulty in having an erection,
Blood in urine or semen,
Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs.
The prostate gland is located just below the bladder and surrounds the bottom portion of the urethra, the tube that drains urine from the bladder. The prostate's primary function is to produce most of the fluid in semen, including fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Most men experience a second period of prostate growth when they reach their mid-40s. At that time, cells in the central portion of the gland -- where the prostate surrounds the urethra -- reproduce more rapidly than normal. As tissues in the area enlarge, they often press on the urethra and partially block urine flow. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the medical term for this condition, more commonly called BPH, which affects about half of men in their 60s and close to 80 percent of men in their 80s. For some men, the symptoms may be severe enough to require treatment. BPH is not a form of prostate cancer and will not predispose you to developing prostate cancer.